There was a division of Bihar in 2000 when the industrially advanced and mineral rich southern half of the state was carved out to form the separate state of Jharkhand.Since then the main economic activity of Bihar has been agriculture. The new Bihar state produces about 60% of the output of the old Bihar state.
Bihar now mainly grows crops like paddy, wheat, lentils, sugarcane and jute. Fruits grown here include mangoes, bananas, jackfruit and litchis. The forests of Bihar yield valuable commercial products beside timber. While cane for weaving is found easily in swamps of West Champaran district the Bhagalpur region in the east produces tussar, a distinct quality of silk and high quality jute is produced in the Kosi region. These are transported to factories located near Kolkata for easy export of the finished material.