Tourism in Bihar

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Economy and Infrastructure of Bihar


There was a division of Bihar in 2000 when the industrially advanced and mineral rich southern half of the state was carved out to form the separate state of Jharkhand.Since then the main economic activity of Bihar has been agriculture. The new Bihar state produces about 60% of the output of the old Bihar state.

Bihar now mainly grows crops like paddy, wheat, lentils, sugarcane and jute. Fruits grown here include mangoes, bananas, jackfruit and litchis. The forests of Bihar yield valuable commercial products beside timber. While cane for weaving is found easily in swamps of West Champaran district the Bhagalpur region in the east produces tussar, a distinct quality of silk and high quality jute is produced in the Kosi region. These are transported to factories located near Kolkata for easy export of the finished material.

Bihar a fertile area has many industries associated with agricultural products. Besides sugar factories scattered throughout the area there are also a number of rice and edible oil mills located here. After independence a huge industrial complex grew around Barauni with industrial plants like a fertilizer factory, petroleum refinery and thermal power station. The huge annual cattle fair at Sonepur in the Saran district is also an important spot for commerce. This begins from the Purnima of the month of Kartik along with major religious festivals like Dussehra ,Deepwali and Chhath.A huge fair is held for the trading of animals attracting a large number of people not only from Bihar but also from other parts of India and abroad.