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Forts and Palaces of Bihar
Over three thousand years of glory and historical importance are recorded in the wealth of monuments unearthed in Bihar. This ancient land of Bihar has been witness to some of the spectacular forts and palaces in the country. Visit Bihar to see these magnificent relics of history.
39 kms from Sasaram are the remains of Sher Shah Suriís Rohtasgarh fort. It now occupies a part of the plateau about 4 miles east to west and 5 miles north to south, 28 miles in circumference. It is considered one of the largest and strongest hill forts in India. This fort served as a safe shelter for treasures and families of Sher Shah Suri, Shah Jahan, Man Singh, Mir Qasim and others during the first war of Independence in 1857. Records suggest that there are 84 passages to the hill with 14 main gates entry. However Sher Shah closed ten of them.
The most famous and important of the monuments at Munger is the fort built on a rocky eminence projecting into the river Ganga which protects it from west and partly from the north, the other sides being defended by a deep moat. The fort encloses an area of about 222 acres and has a circuit of 4 kms .It was built during the time of the early, Mohammedan kings of India.
Situated on the eastern fringe of Bihar on the western bank of river Ganga ,RajMahal was founded by Raja Maan Singh the famous 16th century Rajput General in Akbarís army. The Sangi Dalan built on river bank is a part of the palace of Shah Shuja,son of Emperor Shah Jehan. Akbari Mosque was built in 1556 to enable Emperor Akbar to pray.
Two large forts are located deep in the forests of Aurangabad on Sher Shah Suri path.These forts were attributed to the Vanvasi kings of the Chero dynasty. It had defenses in three directions and three main gates. The architecture is very Islamic which bespeaks of Daud Khanís conquest.
Some centuries ago Maner was situated on the confluence of the rivers Ganga and Son and the river Saryu joined it from the north. The remains of an old time fortress on the bank of the old channel of the Son reminds one that Maner was a strategic point in the ancient times. Maner holds significant position in Bihar tourist map with the tomb of Sufi Saint Hazrat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri of the 13th century.